Objective: To determine the fauna and prevalence of
parasitic infections of camel (Camelus dromedarius) in
Kerman slaughterhouse.
Design: Sample Survey.
Animal: Sixty slaughtered camel in Kerman slaughterhouse.
Procedure: Examination of different organs (including
alimentary canal, abdominal cavity, liver, lung, kidneys,
heart) and blood smear for parasitic infections were done.
The parasites in the washed contents of alimentary canal,
lung and sliced organ were cleared in lactophenol or
stained with carmine acid collected, counted and indentified under the microscope. Blood smears were stained with Gimsa-stain.
Results: Alimentary tract, liver, lung, nasal cavity and
blood were infected tissues. Eight species of parasites were
detected in abomasum (Homoncus contortus;6.67%),
small intestine (Moniezia expansa,5%; M. benedeni,
6.67%; Stilesia globipunctata, 8.3%), Liver (hydatid cyst,
3.3%), lung (hydatid cyst, 28%; Dictyocaulus fl/aria,
10%), nasal cavity (Cephalopina titillator larvae, 63.3%),
blood: (Trypanosoma evansi, 1.6%).
Conclusion: For the first time we reported these parasites
in camel from Kerman. According to average, minimum
and maximum number of parasites recovered from infected animal no pathogenicity can be noticed for parasite burden
of examined animals. However one camel with 43 larvae of
Cephalopina titilattor in nasal cavity showed clinical
signs, such as sneeze and snort. J.Fac.Vet.Med. Univ.
Tehran. 61,2:165-168,2006.