Objective: To determine effects of dietary barley and phosphor ous on Uroltihiasis.
Design: Experimental study
Animals: Iranian Raeini male kids.
Procedure: For assessing the effect of barley and phosphorous on the occurrence of Uroltihiasis, a total of seventy five male kids (initial live weight of 17.5 ± 2.1 kg) were studied. Animals were fed with pelleted diet containing barley, Lucerne hay, wheat straw, wheat bran and cottonseed meal. After observing the Uroltihiasis symptoms, 10 g of limestone was added to the diet of animals through water, in order to increase the ratio of Ca: P to 3.5. Addition of limestone has eliminated the Uroltihiasis in the animals.
Statistical Analysis: Fisher’s exact test (2-tail) and chi-square test with SAS Software.
Results: After three months, 12 kids out of 75 showed the symptoms of Uroltihiasis. Most of the affected kids were from the groups consumed high barley diets. The chemical composition of the urinary calculi was 10% phosphorus and 5% calcium.
Clinical implications: The results of chi-square test have shown that the effect of dietary barley or phosphorous on the occurrence of Uroltihiasis is significant (P<0.10).