The effects of iron nanoparticles in combination with Lactobacillus casei on growth parameters and probiotic counts in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) intestine


1 Department of Fishery, Faculty of Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia-Iran

2 Department of Pathobiology and Quality Control, Artemia and Aquatic Research Institute, Urmia University, Urmia-Iran


BACKGROUND: Today the use of natural substances plays a major role in improving the growth and immunity of aquatic organisms. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of Iron nanoparticles with Lactobacillus casei as a probiotic on growth parameters and probiotic counts in rainbow trout intestine. METHODS: Seven hundred and twenty fish with 12±0.49 g initial weight were prepared and after acclimatized to the laboratory conditions divided randomly into six groups. First group was selected as control, other groups were fed with a commercial diet supplemented with 108 CFU/g Lactobacillus casei (group 2), 50 µg/kg Iron nanoparticles (group 3), 100 µg/kg Iron nanoparticles (group 4), 50 µg/kg Iron nanoparticles with 108 CFU/g Lactobacillus casei (group 5) and 100 µg/kg Iron nanoparticles with 108 CFU/g Lactobacillus casei (group 6), respectively. Biometry and intestine bacteriologic examination were carried out at days 0 and 60. RESULTS: Results showed that growth parameters (weight gain, body weight gain, specific growth rate, daily growth rate, and condition factor and food conversion rate) were significantly higher in group 5 compared with the other groups. Also, intestine bacterial counts increased by using Iron nanoparticles in combination with Lactobacillus casei. The fish that received 100 µg/kg Iron nanoparticles and probiotic had significantly higher bacterial counts in their intestine compared with the other groups. CONCLUSSIONS: Based on the obtained results we conclude that diet supplementation with Iron nanoparticles and Lactobacillus casei as a probiotic could significantly improve growth parameters in rainbow trout. However, these results would warrant further study on the clinical application of these agents.


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