Comparison of Morphologic and Morphometric parameters in Haemonchus nematodes separated from domestic ruminants, in the southeast of Iran


Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran


BACKGROUND: The nematodes which belong to Haemonchus genes have high ability to show genetic and morphological changes. They can live with convenient adaptation in different hosts. OBJECTIVES: A Morphologic and Morphometric comparative study on Haemonchus nematodes from domestic ruminants in the southeast of Iran and comparison of studied parameters with the results of other researches around the world. METHODS: During an annual period the 100 adult Haemonchus nematodes (50 male and 50 female) were  collected from each domestic ruminant (sheep, goat, cattle and camel) from Nehbandan (southern  Khorasan), Zabol and Zahedan (Sistan and Balouchestan) in the southeast of Iran. In present study the measured parameters are: Total body length of male and female adult nematodes, gubernaculum length, right and left spicule length, the distance between spicule spine and the spicule posterior end, the distance between anterior cervical spine and the anterior end of nematode, the egg diameters.  Also, the anterior sections were observed in order to study the longitudinal cuticular ridges (Synloph). The achieved data from nematodes of each host were compared with others using (One Way Anova and Tukey tests), also such comparison was done with the results of one of the standard sources (Soulsby 1982) using One Sample T Test. RESULTS: The results of present study showed that some of the parameters such as spicule length, distance between right spicule spine and the spicule posterior end, and Synloph pattern in nematodes from sheep and goat are mostly similar to Haemonchus placei. The significant statistical differences in present study results showed high polymorphism in Haemonchus nematodes in the area. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that such high polymorphism in present nematodes, especially from sheep and goat has been created due to mating of native nematodes and foreign species with the source of imported cattle.


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