Evaluation of analgesic effects of constant rate infusion of both xylasine and lidocaine in horses


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Student of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Backgrounds, there are limited choice of analgesic agent in horse medicine, and mostly because of side effects usage of analgesics is contraindicated in horses. Objectives, introduction of compounds which have little side effects whith good analgesic affects. Methods, this study was undertakan in 6 healthy horses, in control group they received normal saline. In treatment group CRI of lidocaine and xylasine has been administered, and data was recorded at the beginning of infusion and 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 minutes after starting the infusion at time 50 infusion was stopped and 15, 30 and 60 minutes after that data was recorded as well. Analgesic effect was evaluated by algometer. NIBP, Temperature, Heart rate, respiratory rate, sedation, intestinal sounds was evaluated at each time points. Results, 30 minutes after starting the infusion analgesic effect has started and there was significant difference between control and treatment group this effect last until the end of infusion and after the CRI this effect disappeared gradually. Conclusions, simultaneous infusion of xylasine and lidocanie has significant analgesic effect. But it needs more study in fields like laminitis cases to prove the efficacy of combination of xylazine and lidocaine.


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