Effect of feed supplemented with ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract on the growth, biochemical and hemato-immunological parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Document Type : Feed Safety


Department of Fisheries, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran


BACKGROUND: Replacement of natural materials with synthetic
drugs in order to increase production and safety. OBJECTIVE: The purpose
of this study was to investigate the effect of feed supplemented with ginger (Zingiber
) extract on the growth, biochemical and hemato-immunological
parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). METHODS: Fish
with an average body weight 14.1±0.2 g were fed diet for 8 weeks with 0.5% and
1% ginger extract and with unsupplemented commercial diet as the control. Blood
samples were collected from caudal vein from apparently healthy fish at the end
of trial. Growth (weight gain, specific growth ratio and condition factor),
hematological (RBC,WBC, Hb, Hct, monocyte, lymphocyte and neutrophil),
Biochemical (glucose, total protein, triglycerides, cholesterol, albumin, AST,
ALT, LDH and ALP) and immunological (lysozym activity, ACH50,IgM, and SOD)
parameters were determined. RESULTS: The results showed that there were
no significant differences (p>0.05) in growth, hematological, biochemical
and metabolic enzymes between fish fed control and ginger extract
supplementation. The lowest level of cortisol was observed in 0.5% ginger
extract (p<0.05). Lysozyme activity was significantly increased in 0.5%
ginger extract fed fish (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest
that by using 0.5% ginger extract there will be an improvement in growth and
immune function of rainbow trout


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