Investigation the Frequency of Pathological Lesions of Sheep Rumen in Sanandaj Slaughter

Document Type : Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases


1 Veterinary Research Department, Kurdistan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center, AREEO, Sanandaj, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine of Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Iran

3 Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine of Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Iran


BACKGROUND: Rumen health in ruminants has a great importance because its function has a great deal with milk, meat and fetus production. Many factors can affect the rumen health and destruct its function and performance. OBJECTIVES: this research investigates histopathology lesions resulted from ruminants in the sheep. METHODS: for this purpose, macroscopic examination in 1562 rumens of the slaughtered sheep Sanandaj was done. Among these, 23 rumens has lesions placed in drums of formalin 10% for macroscopic evaluations by means of Hematoxylin and Eosin coloring were referred into the pathobiology lab. RESULTS: in Macroscopic observations, swelling (65.22%), swelling and focal congestion (30.43%) and looming papillary (4.35%) were detected. The highest microscopic signs in the rumen lesions included: sub mucosal edema (32.69%), ruminate eosinophilic (23.07%), parakeratosis (13.46%), granulomatous ruminate (7.69%), watery degeneration and acute purulent ruminate (5.76%). CONCLUSIONS: pathologic lesions of rumen can be due to hyperplasia change in the result of mechanical agitation, stress, parasitic diseases, and mature woody forage.


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