عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
On the rabies and a rabid dog, Iranian physicians have said and written much and they have introduced their innovations now and then. Kharazmi in his Mafatih al- Olum(Keys to Sciences, written in 980 A.D.), writes on rabid dog: " A mad dog is called a rabid dog which bites, avoids eating and fears water and dies in deep thirst. If such a dog bites a human being, he will be inflicted with a dangerous disease which makes him fear water( Hydrophobia). Rhazes says: "It does not recognize its owner, and attacks whatever on his way. Its mouth is always open with its tong hanging out. Eyes are red and other dogs run from it." ( Al- Havi). Avicenna, Jorjani, Youssef ibn Muhammad Heravi and other grand physicians of Iran have written intresting points about the symptoms, incubation period and treatment of rabies in man and dog, differences between a rabid dog and a biting dog, rabies in wild beasts , and the like. Avicenna wrote in canon:" It is said and approved by many physicians that the liver of a rabid dog if is kept on the wound of the bitten person will be helpful". Also he said clearly: " The blood of the rabid dog is antitoxin for rabies." This is a kind of serotherapy or vaccination. The liver of a rabid dog contains various antibodies against rabies, and if it is applied to a recent bite wound, some antibodies may enter the wound. Therefore, the procedure might conceivably be effective in preventing rabies. This is a matter of serotherapy and immunology that was introduced more than 900 years ago.