تأثیر سم‌زدایی ذرت آلوده به آفلاتوکسین با عصاره آبی آویشن بر عملکرد و پروتئین تام خون بلدرچین ژاپنی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج–ایران

2 گروه فیتوشیمی، پژوهشکده گیاهان و مواد اولیه دارویی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران–ایران

چکیده

زمینه مطالعه: در طبیعت عصاره‌های گیاهان دارویی وجود دارند که علاوه بر اینکه با مکانیسم‌های مختلف، قادر به کاهش آفلاتوکسین ‌1B‌ در محصـولات کشـاورزی هستنـد مـی‌تـواننـد به عنوان محرک رشد عمل کنند. هدف: عصاره آبی آویشن دنایی به منظور سم‌زادیی خوراک آلوده به آفلاتوکسین ‌1B‌ و اثرات محرک رشد در جیره بلدرچین ژاپنی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. روش کار:‌ ‌پس از تعیین جنسیت در سن 24 روزگی،  ‌بلدرچین‌ها به صورت گروهی توزین و با میانگین وزنی مشابه بین واحدهای آزمایشی توزیع شدند که 80 بلدرچین ژاپنی نر، برای آزمایش استفاده شد. چهار جیره آزمـایشـی شـامـل جیـره آزمـایشی شاهد، جیره حاوی ‌ppm‌ 2000 عصاره آبی آویشن، جیره آلوده به  ‌ppb‌500  آفلاتوکسین، جیره آلوده با ‌ppb‌ 500 آفلاتوکسین و تیمار شده با ‌ppm‌ 2000 عصاره آبی آویشن بود. در 45 روزگی،  خوراک مصرفی، افزایش وزن، ضریب تبدیل و پروتئین تام سرم مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. نتایج:  آفلاتوکسین به‌طور معنی‌داری خوراک مصرفی، اضافه وزن و پروتئین تام سرم را کاهش و ضریب تبدیل غذایی را افزایش داد (05/0<‌‌p‌.) عصاره آویشن به‌طور معنی‌داری خوراک مصرفی و اضافه وزن را افزایش و ضریب تبدیل غذایی را کاهش داد (05/0<‌‌p‌.) ولی بر پروتئین تام سرم تأثیری نداشت (05/0>‌‌p‌.) اثر متقابل معنی‌داری بین آفلاتوکسین و عصاره آبی آویشن وجود داشت به طوری که در پرندگان تغذیه شـده بـا آفلاتـوکسیـن و عصـاره آبـی آویشن به‌طور معنی‌داری خوراک مصرفی، اضافه وزن، پروتئین تام سرم و  ضریب تبدیل غذایی بهبود یافت (05/0<‌‌p‌.)‌ ‌نتیجه‌گیری نهایی: عصاره آبی آویشن دنایی می‌تواند به عنوان محرک رشد عمل کند و عملکرد بلدرچین‌ها را بهبود بخشد و همچنین اثرات منفی آفلاتوکسین را کاهش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of detoxification of aflatoxin-contaminated corn grain using thyme aqueous extract on performance and total blood protein of Japanese quail

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Gorran 1
  • Mahmood Shivazad 1
  • Alireza Ghasempour 2
1 Department of Animal Sciences, University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj-Iran
2 Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran-Iran
چکیده [English]

BACKGROUND: In nature, there are herbal extracts, while capable of reducing aflatoxin B1 in agricultural product by different mechanisms, may also act as growth promoters. OBJECTIVES: In this study, aqueous extract of T. daenensis was evaluated to detoxify contaminated feed with aflatoxin B1 and to determine the effect of growth promoters in Japanese quail. METHODS: To this purpose, at 24 d of age, quails were separated by sex and 80 male quails were randomly divided into experimental units with equal weight and number. The dietary treatments were as follows: 1. basal diet (B), 2. B + AFB1 (500 mg/kg of feed), 3. B + aqueous extract of T. daenensis (2000 mg/kg of feed), 4. B + AFB1 (500 mg/kg of feed) + aqueous extract of T. daenensis (2000 mg/kg of feed). Feed intake, weight gain, feed conversion ratio and serum total protein were determined at day 45. RESULTS: The results showed that aflatoxin significantly decreased feed intake, body weight gain and total blood protein but increased FCR (p<0.05). The extract significantly increased feed intake and body weight gain, but decreased FCR (p<0.05). The extract did not have any effect on total blood protein. There was an interaction effect between aflatoxin and extract (p<0.05), so that feed intake, body weight gain, FCR and total blood protein were improved in birds offered diet with aflatoxin and extract. CONCLUSIONS: According to the study, the extract has improved the performance in birds and the negative effect of aflatoxin on performance was significantly decreased in birds offered diet with the extract.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aflatoxin
  • aqueous extract of T. daenensis
  • Japanese quail
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