تاثیرگیاه دارویی رزماری بر عملکرد رشد، ویژگی‌های لاشه و برخی فراسنجه‌های خونی در جوجه‌های گوشتی تحت تنش گرمایی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران

2 گروه پرورش و مدیریت طیور، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه مطالعه: استفاده از گیاهان دارویی با قدرت آنتی اکسیدانی بالا، ضمن کاهش اثرات زیان بار استرس اکسیداتیو و رادیکال های آزاد ناشی از تنش گرمایی، به بهبود عملکرد جوجه‌های گوشتی کمک می‌کند. هدف: این پژوهش برای ارزیابی تاثیر سطوح مختلف پودر و عصاره (اتانولی) گیاه رزماری بر صفات عملکردی، ویژگی‌های لاشه و برخی فراسنجه های خونی جوجه‌های گوشتی در معرض تنش گرمایی انجام شد. روش کار: برای بررسی اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل: شاهد(جیره پایه)، سطوح مختلف پودر(g/kg 5، 10 و 15+ جیره پایه) عصاره اتانولی رزماری(g/kg 5/3، 7 و 5/10+ جیره پایه) وg/L 1 پودر ویت آسپرین + جیره پایه بر صفات عملکردی، ویژگی‌های لاشه و برخی از فراسنجه‌های خونی از 100 قطعه جوجه نر یکروزه سویه راس (308) در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی از 5 تیمار با 4 تکرار و 5 قطعه جوجه در هر تکرار به مدت 42 روز در شرایط تنش گرمایی (°c 2±32 به صورت دوره ای از ساعت 10 الی 6 بعد از ظهر) استفاده شد. نتایج: میانگین خوراک مصرفی و وزن زنده نهایی جوجه‌های گوشتی به‌ طور معنی داری تحت تاثیر افزودن عصاره رزماری قرار گرفت (05/0 P<)، ولی ضریب تبدیل خوراک تحت تاثیر قرار نگرفت (05/0 >P). عصاره رزماری بر مقدار گلوکز خون و نیز نسبت هتروفیل به لنفوسیت اثر معنی داری داشت (05/0 P<). افزودن عصاره رزماری به جیره بر ویژگی‌های لاشه، کلسترول، تری گلیسرید و هماتوکریت تاثیر معنی داری نداشت (05/0 >P). نتیجه گیری نهایی: نتایج این آزمایش نشان داد که استفاده از عصاره گیاه دارویی رزماری به علت خاصیت آنتی اکسیدانی قوی که دارد باعث بهبود عملکرد جوجه‌های گوشتی در شرایط تنش گرمایی گردید.
واژه‌های کلیدی: رزماری، عملکرد، فراسنجه‌های خونی، تنش گرمایی، جوجه‌های گوشتی

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of rosemary on growth performance, carcass characteristics and blood parameters of broilers under heat stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad soflaei 1
  • mahmood Shivazad 1
  • hoseain moraveg 1
  • mohammad amir Karimi Torshizi 2
1 1Department of Animal Science, University College of Agriculture & Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2 Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

BACKGROUND: The application of medicinal herbs with high anti-oxidant properties could reduce the detrimental effects of oxidative stress and free radicals under heat stress and improve the performance of broilers. OBJECTIVES: The effects of rosemary powder and extract on growth performance, carcass characteristics and blood parameters of broilers were evaluated under heat stress. METHODS: For studying the effect of experimental treatments including control, different levels of rosemary powder (5, 10 and 15 g/kg), rosemary extract (3.5,7 and 10.5 g/kg) and Vit-Asp (1 g/L) on growth performance (feed intake, body weight and feed conversion ratio), carcass characteristics and blood parameters (cholesterol, triglyceride, hematocrit, glucose and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio), 160 one-day old chicks (Ross male-308) were used applying a randomized complete block design with 8 treatments, 4 replicates and 5 chicks per replicate during a 42-day period. Heat stress schedule was 32±2ºC as cyclic from 10.00 AM to 6.00 PM. RESULTS: Rosemary had significant effects on feed intake and final live weight of chicks (p<0.05) but not on feed conversion ratio (p>0.05). Significant effects from rosemary on glucose and heterophil to lymphocyte ratio were found (p<0.05). The effects of rosemary on carcass characteristics, cholesterol, triglyceride and hematocrit were not significant (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In general, inclusion of rosemary in broilers diet under heat stress improved the performance because of anti-oxidant effects.
Keyword: Rosemary, performance, blood parameters, heat stress, broilers

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rosemary
  • performance
  • Blood parameters
  • heat stress
  • Broilers
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