تاثیر مرزه خوزستانی بر دستگاه گوارش ، لیپیدهای کبد و خون خروس های بالغ

نوع مقاله: بهداشت خوراک دام، طیور و آبزیان

نویسندگان

گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه مطالعه: مواد فیتوژنیک از جمله افزودنی‌های غیر آنتی بیوتیکی برای جیره طیور هستند که احتمالا بخشی از تاثیر مثبت آنها بر عملکرد و سلامت طیور با تحریک ترشحات هضمی در کانال گوارش تحقق می یابد. هدف: این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تأثیر سطوح جیره ای پودر مرزه خوزستانی بر دستگاه گوارش، لیپیدهای کبد و خون در خروسهای بالغ بومی اصفهان اجرا شد. روش کار: تعداد 36 قطعه خروس بالغ بومی اصفهان در سن 40 هفتگی در قفس‌های انفرادی تحت برنامه نوردهی 14 ساعت نور و 10 ساعت تاریکی نگهداری و با سه جیره حاوی سطوح صفر (گروه شاهد)، 20 یا 40 گرم در کیلوگرم پودر مرزه خوزستانی در 12 تکرار برای مدت 10 هفته تغذیه شدند. در پایان آزمایش، همه خروس‌ها کشتار و صفات مربوط به کبد، وزن کیسه صفرا، غلظت کلسترول و بیلی روبین صفرا، pH دئودنوم، ایلیوم و سکوم و همچنین لیپیدهای خون (تری گلیسریدها، کلسترول تام، LDL و HDL کلسترول)، لیپیدتام کبد و وزن نسبی پانکراس، دئودنوم، ایلیوم و سکوم اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج: pH سکوم برای خروس های تغذیه شده با جیره حاوی 40 گرم در کیلوگرم مرزه به طور معنی‌داری کمتر از گروه شاهد بود (05/0>P). افزودن 20 گرم در کیلوگرم پودر مرزه به جیره، درصد لیپیدتام در بافت کبد خروس را در مقایسه با گروه شاهد به طور معنی داری کاهش داد (05/0>P). نمره ارزیابی ظاهری سلامت کبد برای خروس های تغذیه شده با جیره حاوی سطح بالاتر پودر مرزه تفاوت معنی داری با گروه شاهد داشت (05/0>P). نتیجه‌گیری نهایی: نتایج نشان داد که پودر گیاه مرزه خوزستانی خاصیت کلرنرژیک در خروس بالغ ندارد ولی باعث کاهش لیپید تام و افزایش سلامت کبد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Satureja khuzistanica on digestive system, liver and blood lipids in mature cocks

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Sheikhan
  • Heshmatollah Khosravinia
  • Saeid Mohammadzadeh
Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
چکیده [English]

BACKGROUND: Phytogenic products are considered as nonantibiotic feed additive which may exert their possible appreciate effects on poultry performance and health through stimulated digestive secretions. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to examine the effect of dietary Satureja khuzistanica powder (SKP) on pH of intestine contents, bile secretion and composition, and liver as well as blood lipids in Isfahan native breeder cocks. METHODS: Thirty-six 40-wk-old Isfahan native breeder cocks were individually caged and randomly allotted to three groups of 12 birds each and fed with diets containing 0 (control), 20 or 40 g/kg SKP for 10 weeks. At the end of experimental period all birds were killed and used for data collection on dry weight and pH of intestine segments, liver, bile and blood variables. RESULTS: Mean pH value in ceca contents was lower in the birds received diets containing 40 g/kg SKP compared with control cocks (P>0.05). Addition of SKP in diet at 20 g/kg significantly decreased liver lipids compared with the birds fed on control diet and the diet containing 40 g/ kg (P<0.05). Liver score based on external appraisal of the organ was improved in the cocks fed with SKP-supplemented diets compared with control birds (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that supplementation of diet with SKP could improve liver health and function in breeder cocks through reduced total lipids accumulation in liver. However, SKP does not exert cholinergic effect in cocks.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Satureja khuzistanica
  • bile composition
  • liver lipids
  • cock
  • cholinergic effect
Abdollahi, M., Salehnia, A., Mortazavi, S.H.R., Ebrahimi, M., Shafiee, A., Fouladian, F., Keshavarz, K., Sorouri, S., Khorasani R., Kazemi, A. (2003) Antioxidant, antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, reproduction stimulatory properties and safety of essential oil of Satureja Khuzestanica in rat in vivo: a toxicopharmacological study. Med Sci Monit. 9: 331-335.##

Amanlou, M., Dadkhah, F., Salehnia, A., Farsam, H., Dehpour, A. R. (2005) An anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad extract. J Pharm Sci. 8: 102-6.##

Bhat, G.B., Chandrasekhara, N. (1987) Effect of black pepper and piperine on bile secretion and composition in rats. Nahrung. 31: 913-916.##

Bhat, G.B., Srinivasan, M.R., Chandrasekhara, N. (1984) Influence of curcumin and capsaicin on the composition and secretion of bile in rats. J Food Sci Technol. 21: 225-227. ##

Elliott, R.J. (1984) Ektachem DT-60 Analyzer. Physician’s. Leading Comput J. 2: 6.##

Esteller, A. (2008) Physiology of bile secretion. World J Gastroenterol. 14: 5641-5649.##

Farsam, H., Amanlou, M., Radpour, M. R., Salehinia, A. N., Shafiee, A. (2004) Composition of the essential oils of wild and cultivated Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad from Iran. Flavour Fragr J. 19: 308-310.

Folch, J., Lees, M., Stanley, C.H.S. (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. J Biol Chem. 226: 497-509. ##

Garcia, V., Catala, P., Gregori, F., Hernandez, M., Megias, D., Madrid, J. (2007) Effect of formic acid and plant extracts on growth, nutrient digestibility, intestine mucosa morphology, and meat yield of broilers. Poult Sci.16: 555-562. ##

Hadian, J., Hossein Mirjalili, M., Reza Kanani, M., Salehnia, A., Ganjipoor, P. (2011) Phytochemical and Morphological Characterization of Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad Populations from Iran. Chem Biodivers. 8: 902-915.##

Hargis, P.S., Van Elswyk, M.E., Hargis, B.M. (1991) Dietary modification of yolk lipid with menhaden oil. Poult Sci. 70:874-883.##

Harris, C.S., Beaulieu, L.P., Fraser, M.H., McIntyre, K.L., Owen, P.L., Martineau, L.C., Cuerrier, A., Johns, T., Haddad, P.S., Bennett, S.A., Arnason, J.T. (2011) Inhibition of advanced glycation end product formation by medicinal plant extracts correlate with phenolic metabolites and antioxidant activity. Planta Med. 77: 196-204.##

Jayasooriya, A.P, Sakono, M., Yukizaki, C., Kawno, M., Yamamoto, K., Fukuda, N. (2000) Effect of Momordica charantia powder on serum glucose levels and various lipid parameters in rats fed with cholesterol-free and cholesterol-enriched diets. J Ethnopharmacol. 72: 331-336. ##

Kalmendal, R., Elwinger, K., Holm, L., Tauson, R. (2011) High-fibre sunflower cake affects small intestinal digestion and health in broiler chickens. Br Poult Sci. 52: 86-96. ##

Khosravinia, H. (2015) Hypolipidemic Effects of Satureja khuzistanica essential oil in broiler chicken are realized through alteration in steroid hormones. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg. 21: 203-209.##

Khosravinia, H., Ghasemi, S., Rafiei Alavi, E. (2013) Effect of savory (Satureja khuzistanica) essential oils on performance, liver and kidney functions in broiler chicks. J Anim Feed Sci. 22: 50-55. ##

Lee, K., Everts, W., Beyen, A.C. (2006) Dietary carvacrol lowers body gain but improves feed conversion in female broiler chickens. J Appl Poult Res. 12: 394-399.##

Lumpkins B.S., Batal, A.B., Lee, M.D. (2010) Evaluation of the bacterial community and intestinal development of different genetic lines of chickens. Poult Sci. 89: 1614-1621.##

Maldonado-Valderrama, J., Wilde, P., Macierzanka, A, Mackie. A. (2011) The role of bile salts in digestion. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 165: 36-46.##

Mateos, G.G.,  Jiménez-Moreno, E., Serrano, M.P., Lázaro, R.P. (2012) Poultry response to high levels of dietary fiber sources varying in physical and chemical characteristics.  J Appl Poult Res. 21: 156-174. ##

Nazari, A., Delfan, B., Shahsavari, G. (2005) The effect of Satureja khuzestanica on triglyceride, glucose, creatinine and alkaline phosphatase activity in rat. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 7 :1-8##

Newall, C.A., Anderson, L.A., Phillipson, J.D. (1996) Herbal Medicines: A Guide for health- care professionals. Hondon: The pharmaceutical press. (2nd ed.) 432 pages, pp: 36-37, London, UK.##

Platel, K., Srinivasan, K. (2000) Stimulatory influence of select spices on bile secretion in rats. Nutr Res. 20: 1493-503. ##

Qureshi, A.A., Din, Z.Z., Abuirmeileh, N., Burger, W.C., Ahmad, Y., Elson, C.E. (1983) Suppression of avian hepatic lipid metabolism by solvent extracts of garlic: impact on serum lipids. J Nutr. 113: 1746-1755.##

Sambaiah, K., Srinivasan, K. (1991) Secretion and composition of bile in rats fed diets containing spices. J Food Sci Technol. 28: 35-38.##

Stanley, D., Hughes, R.J., Moore, R.J. (2014) Microbiota of the chicken gastrointestinal tract: influence on health, productivity and disease. Appl Microbiol Biot. 98: 4301-4310.##

Ultee, A., Kets, E., Smid, E.J. (1997) Mechanisms of action of carvacrol on the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus. Appl Environ Microbiol. 65: 4606-4610. ##

Vergani, L., Vecchionea, G., Baldinia, F., Vocia, A., Ferrarib, P.F., Aliakbarian, B., Casazzab, A.A., Peregob, P. (2016) Antioxidant and Hepatoprotective Potentials of Phenolic Compounds from Olive Pomace Laura Vergania . Chem Eng Trans. 49: 475-480.##

Waite, D., Taylor, M. (2014) Characterising the avian gut microbiota: membership, driving influences and potential function. Front Microbiol. 5: 223-226.##

Walugembe, M., Hsieh, J.C.F., Koszewski, N.J., Lamont, S.J., Persia, M.E., Rothschild, M.F.  (2015) Effects of dietary fiber on cecal short-chain fatty acid and cecal microbiota of broiler and laying-hen chicks. Poult Sci.  94: 2351-2359.##

Windisch, W., Schedle, K., Plitzner, C., Kroismayr, A. (2008).Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. J Anim Sci. 86: 140-148.##

Karaskova, K., Suchy, P., Strakova, E. (2015)Current use of phytogenic feed additives in animal nutrition: a review. Czech J Anim Sci. 60: 521-530.##