تاثیر افزودن پودر تخم گشنیز و ریشه زنجبیل به جیره بر عملکرد رشد، ویژگی‌های لاشه، جمعیت اشریشیاکلی ایلئوم روده و برخی پارامترهای بیوشیمی سرم جوجه‌های گوشتی

نوع مقاله: بهداشت و بیماری های پرندگان

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته فیزیولوژی دام، دانشگاه گنبد کاووس، ایران

2 گروه علوم دامی، دانشگاه گنبد کاووس، گنبد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه مطالعه: گیاهان دارویی در پرورش طیور برای بهبود کیفیت لاشه و ایمنی و کاهش مصرف آنتیبیوتیکها مورد استفاده میباشند. هدف: هدف این تحقیق بررسی اثر افزودن پودر تخم گشنیز و ریشه زنجبیل به جیره بر عملکرد رشد، خصوصیات لاشه، جمعیت اشریشیاکلی روده و برخی پارامترهای بیوشیمی سرم جوجههای گوشتی بود. روش کار: تعداد 160 قطعه جوجه گوشتی سویه کاب 500 در 4 گروه تیماری با 4 تکرار تقسیم و به مدت 42 روز پرورش یافتند. تیمارهای آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی شامل: 1- جیره پایه (شاهد)، 2- جیره پایه + 5/1% پودر تخم گشنیز، 3- جیره پایه + 75/0% پودر ریشه زنجبیل و 4- جیره پایه + 1% پودر تخم گشنیز به همراه 5/0% پودر ریشه زنجبیل بود. در پایان دوره، از هر تکرار یک پرنده جهت خونگیری و تجزیه لاشه کشتار شد. نتایج: نتایج نشان داد که اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر ضریب تبدیل غذایی جوجهها در سن 28-1 روزگی معنیدار بود (05/0>p). پایینترین ضریب تبدیل غذایی در تیمارهای گشنیز+زنجبیل مشاهده شد. تجزیه لاشه جوجهها نشان داد که اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر وزن چربی حفره شکمی، بورس و سنگدان معنیدار بود (05/0>p). بالاترین درصد وزن سنگدان در تیمار گشنیز+زنجبیل و پایینترین درصد وزن چربی حفره شکمی و بورس در تیمار زنجبیل مشاهده شد. اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر غلظت کلسترول و HDL سرم جوجهها معنیدار بود (05/0>p). تیمار زنجبیل دارای پایینترین غلظت کلسترول و تیمار گشنیز+زنجبیل دارای بالاترین HDL بود. اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر جمعیت اشریشیاکلی روده معنیدار بود (05/0>p)، تیمار گشنیز +زنجبیل کمترین تعداد اشریشیاکلی را در ایلئوم داشت. نتیجهگیری نهایی: نتایج نشان داد که سطح 75/0 % پودر زنجبیل در جیره جوجههای گوشتی اثرات مثبتی بر کاهش چربی حفره شکمی، وزن بورس، میزان کلسترول و همچنین کاهش جمعیت اشریشیاکلی روده داشت. مخلوط زنجبیل+گشنیز در جیره با کاهش ضریب تبدیل غذایی و جمعیت اشریشیاکلی روده باعث بهبود عملکرد رشد جوجههای گوشتی شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Adding Coriander Seed and Ginger Root Powders on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Intestinal Microflora and Some of Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broiler Chickens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yasaman Sharifi Sogheh 1
  • Farid Moslemipur 2
  • Shahriar Maghsoudloo 2
  • Javad Bayat-Kuhsar 2
1 University1Graduated From the Animal Physiology, University of Gonbad Kavoos, Gonbad Kavoos, Iran
2 Department of Animal Sciences, University of Gonbad Kavoos, Gonbad Kavoos, Iran
چکیده [English]

BACKGROUND: Medicinal herbs are used in poultry production to improve carcass quality, immunity and also lessen the use of antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of adding coriander seed and ginger root powders to diet on performance, carcass traits, intestinal E.coli count and some serum biochemical parameters of broiler chickens. METHODS: One-hundred-sixty Cobb500 chicks were divided into four treatment groups with four replicates. Treatments as a completely randomized design were 1) basal diet (control), 2) basal diet plus 1.5% of coriander seed, 3) basal diet plus 0.75 %of ginger root powder, and 4) basal diet plus 1% coriander seed+ 0.5% of ginger root powder. At the end of the study, one bird from each replicate was slaughtered for blood sampling and carcass analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that the effect of treatments on feed conversion ratio of chickens was significant at during days 1-28 (p<0.05). The lowest feed conversion ratio was observed in coriander+ginger. Carcass analysis showed that the effect of treatments on abdominal fat weight, bourse and gizzard weights of chickens were significant (p<0.05). The greatest gizzard relative weight was in ginger+coriander group while the lowest abdominal fat and bourse relative weights were in ginger group. The treatments had significant effect on blood cholesterol and HDL concentrations (p<0.05). The lowest cholesterol level was observed in ginger group but the greatest HDL level was in coriander+ginger group. Effect of treatments on intestinal E.coli count was significant (p<0.05). Coriander+ginger treatment had the lowest E.coli in the ileum. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the level 0.75 ginger powder in broiler diets has positive effects on reduction of abdominal fat, bourse, cholesterol and also reduces the intestinal E.coli population. Ginger+coriander in the diet by reducing feed conversion ratio and population of E.coli caused an improvement in growth performance of broiler chickens.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coriander seed
  • Ginger
  • Broiler Chicken
  • Carcass traits
  • Bourse
Ademola, S.G., Farimu, G.O., Babatunde, G.M. (2009) Serum lipid, growth and haematological parameters of broilers fed garlic, ginger and their mixtures. World J Agric Sci. 5: 99-104.##

Ahmed, R.S., Seth, V., Banerjee, B.D. (2000) Influence of dietary ginger (Zingiber officinales Roscoe) on antioxidant defense system in rat: comparison with ascorbic acid. Indian J Exp Biol. 38: 604-606.##

A1-Ankari, A.S., Homeida, A.M. (1996) Effect of antibacterial growth promoters on the immune system of broiler chicks. Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 53: 277- 283.##

Alcicek, A., Bozkurt, M., Cabuk, M. (2003) The effect of an essential oil combination derived from selected herbs growing wild in turkey on broiler performance. South Afr J Anim Sci. 33: 89-94.##

Alizadeh sadr daneshpour, M.A., Shariatmadari, F., Karimi Torshizi, M.A. (1389) Effects of medicinal plant, prebiotic, probiotic and antibiotic on intestinal morphology and nutrient digestibility of broilers chickens. J Vet Res. 86: 66-73.##

Al-Jaff, F.K. (2011) Effect of Coriander seeds as diet ingredient on blood parameters of broiler chicks raised under high ambient temperature. Int J Poult Sci. 10: 82-86.##

Arbabian, H., Tahmasebi, M., vakili, R., Zakizadeh, S. (2011) Effect of red pepper powder and fat on performance and blood parameters of broilers chickens. Iran J Anim Sci Res. 4: 405-393.##

Bamidele, O., Adejumo, I.O. (2012) Effect of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Mixtures on Performance Characteristics and Cholesterol Profile of Growing Pullets. Int J Poult Sci. 11: 217-220.##

Barreto, M.S.R., Menten, J.F.M., Racanicci, A.M.C., Pereira, P.W.Z., Rizzo, P.V. (2008) Plant Extracts used as Growth Promoters in Broilers. J Poult Sci. 10: 109-115.##

Borumand, A., Hamedi, M., Emam Jomea, Z., Razavi, H., Gholmakani, M.T. (2008) Investigation on the antimicrobial effects of essential oils from dill and coriander seeds on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli. J Iran Food Sci Technol. 4: 1-10.##

Brenes, A., Roura, E. (2010) Essential oils in poultry nutrition: Main effects and modes of action. Anim Feed Sci Technol. 158: 1-14.##

Chaudhry, N.M.A., Tariq, P. (2006) Bactericidal activity of black peeper, bay leaf and coriander against oral isolates. Pak J Pharm Sci. 19: 214-218.##

Chen, H.L., Li, D.F., Chang, B.Y., Gong, L.M., Dai, J.G., Yi, G.F. (2003) Effects of Chinese herbal polysaccharides on the immunity and growth performance of young broilers. J Poult Sci. 6: 895-903.##

Crowell, P.L. (1999) Prevention and therapy of cancer by dietary monoterpenes. J Nutr. 129: 775-778.##

Cruickshank, J.P., Duguld, P., Marmoin, R.H., Swain, H.A. (1975) Tests for sensitive to antimicrobial agents. Medical microbiology. 12th edition. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, Scotland. 190-204.##

Delaquis, P.J., Stanich, B., Mazza, A., Girar, G. (2002) Antimicrobial activity of individual and mixed fractions of dill, cilantro, coriander and eucalyptus essential oils. Int J Food Microbiol. 74: 101-109.##

Elkin, R.G., Rogler, J.C. (1990) Reduction of the cholesterol content of eggs by the oral administration of lovastatin to laying hens. J Agric Food Chem. 38: 1635-1641.##

Elmakki, A.M., AbdelAtti, Kh.A., Dousa, B.M., Elagib, A.A., Malik, H.E., Elamin, K.M. (2013) Effects of Dietary Ground Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Root Additive on Broiler performance. Global J Anim Sci. 1: 70-77.##

Elrokh, E.S.M., Yassin, N.A., El-Shenawy, S.M., Ibrahim, B.M. (2010) Anti hypercholesterolaemic effect of ginger rhizome (Zingiber officinale) in rats. Inflammopharmacol J. 18: 309-315.##

Faleiro, M.L., Miguel, M.G., Ladeiro, F., Venancio, R., Tavares, J.C., Brito, A.C., Figueiredo, J., Barroso, G. Pedro, L.G. (2003) Antimicrobial activity of essential oils isolated from Portuguese endemic species of Thymus. Lett Appl Microbiol. 361: 35-40.##

Gray, A.M., Flatt, P.R. (1999) insulin- releasing and insulin-like activity of the traditional anti-diabetic plant Coriandrum sativum (coriander) Br J Nutr. 81: 203-209.##

Güler, T., Ertaş, O.N., Çiftçi, M., Dalkılıç, B. (2005) The effect of coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum L.) as diet ingredient on the performance of Japanese quail. S Afr J Anim Sci. 15: 21-27.##

Hernandez, F., Madrid, J., Garcia,V., Orengo, J., Megias, M.D. (2004) Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility and digestive organ size. J Poult Sci. 83: 169-174.##

Ipu, M.A., Akhtar, M.S., Anjumi, M.I., Raja, M.L. (2006) New dimension of medicinal plants as animal feed. Pak vet J. 26: 144-148.##

Isao, K., Ken-Ichi, K., Aya, N., Tetsuya, A. (2004) Antymicrobial activity of coriander volatile compound against Salmonella choleraesuits. J Agris Food Chem. 52: 3329-3332.##

Jamroz, D., Kamel, C. (2002) Plant extracts enhance broiler performance. J Anim Sci. 80: 140-148.##

Jamroz, D., Wiliczkiewicz, A., Werteleckı, T., Orda, J., Skorupinska, J. (2005) Use of active substances of plant origin in chicken diets based on maize and locally grown cereals. Br Poult Sci. 46: 485-493.##

Khosravi-Darani, K., Khaksar, R., Esmaeili, S., Seyed Reyhani, F., Zoghi, A. (2008) Anti-candida and anti-bacterial synergistic effect of mixture of honey and herbal extracts. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2: 23-28.

Lanciotti, R., Gianatti, A., Patrignani, F., Belletti, N., Guerzoni, M.E., Gardini, F. (2004) Use of natural aroma compounds to improve shelf life and safety of minimally processed fruits. J Food Sci Technol. 15: 201-208.##

Mahious, A.S., Gatesoupe, F.J., Hervi, M., Metailler, R., Ollevier, F. (2006) Effect of dietary inulin and oligosaccharides and other prebiotics for weaning turbot, Psetta maxima. Aquac Int. 14:  219-229.##

Momeni, L., Zamanzad, B. (2009) Evaluation of antimicrobial effects of onion and ginger extracts on some bacteria and Candida albicans isolated infected urinary systems. Persian J Shahr-e-Kord Uni Med Sci. 11: 81-87.##

Muhammad, J., Durrani, F., Hafeez, A., Khan, R.U., Ahmad, I. (2009) Effect of aqueous extract of plant mixture on carcass quality of broiler chicks. J Agric Biol Sci. 9: 56-59.##

Omage, J.J., Umar, I.A., Bawa, G.S. (2002) Effect of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seed oil on blood and liver lipid/cholesterol levels of rats fed a high fat diet. Nig J Exp Appl Biol. 3: 125-129.##

Placer, Z.A., Cushmann, L.L., Johnson, B.C. (1966) Estimation of products of lipid peroxidation in biochemical systems. Anal Biochem. 16: 359-364.##

Purseglove, J.W., Brown, E.G., Green, C.L., Robbins, S.R.J. (1981) In: Wrigley G. (ed.) Tropical agriculture series: spices, Longman Harlow press, London, UK. p. 736-788. ##

Ramakrishna, R.R., Platel, K, Srinivasan, K. (2003) In vitro influence of species and spice-active principles on digestive enzymes of rat pancreas and small intestine. Food Nahrung J. 47: 408-412.##

Rebh, A.Y., Kumar, P., Neeraj, P. (2014) Effect of Supplementation of Ginger Root Powder in Ration on Performance of Broilers. Eur Acad Res. 233: 2286- 4822.##

Saeid, J.M., Arkan, B.M., Al-baddy, M.A. (2010) Effect of Aqueous Extract of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) on Blood Biochemistry Parameters of Broiler. Int J Poult Sci. 9: 944-947.##

Shirdel, Z., Mirbalad Zade, R., Madani, H. (2009) Effect of anti diabetic and anti lipidemic of ginger in diabetic rats for alloxan mono-hydrate and compare with gliben clamid. Iran J Diabetes lipid Disord. 9: 7-15.##

Suchankova, G., Tekle, M., Saha, A.K., Ruderman, N.B., Clarke, S.D., Gettys, T.W. (2005) Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids enhance hepatic AMP-activated protein kinase activity in rats. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 326: 851-858.##

Uma, B., Prabhakar, K., Rajendran, S., Lakshmi Sarayu,Y. (2009) Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of Coriander sativum against Infectious Diarrhea. Ethnobotanical Leaflets. 13: 590-594.##

Valizadeh, M., Moghadam, M. (1995) Experimental design in agricultural. (3rd ed.). Pishtaz-e-Elm Press, Tabriz, Iran. p.25-100.##

Vine, N.G., Leukes, W.D., Kaiser, H., Daya, S., Baxter, J., Hecht, T. (2004) Competition for attachment of aquaculture candidate probiotic and pathogenic bacteria on fish intestinal mucus. J Fish Disease. 27: 319-326.##

Verma, S.K., Singh, M., Jain, P., Bordia, A. (2004) Protective effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) on experimental atherosclerosis in rabbits. Ind J Exp Biol. 42: 736-738.##

Zhang, G.F, Yang, Z.B., Wang, Y., Yang, W.R., Jiang, S.Z., Gai, G.F. (2009) Effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale) processed to different particle sizes on growth performance, antioxidant status, and serum metabolites of broiler chickens. J Poult Sci. 88: 2159-2166.##

Ziauddin, S.K., Rao, D.N., Amla, B.L. (1995) Effect of lactic acid, ginger extract and sodium chloride on electrophoretic pattern of buffalo muscle proteins. J Food Sci Technol. 32: 224-226.##

Zomrawi, W.B., Abdel Atti, K.H., Dousa, B.M., Mahala, A.G. (2011) The effect of Ginger root powder (Zingiber officinale) supplementation on broiler chicks performance, blood and serum constituents. Online J Anim Feed Res. 2: 457-460.##